This series of videos are designed as student revision for finals.

Student revision session 1. Demystifying orthodontics: Your path to successfully passing BDS finals - Dr. Nikhil Gogna

In preparation for finals Dr. Nikhil Gogna details all things orthodontic, including interactive discussion.

Dr. Gogna completed his dental undergraduate training in 2013 at Cardiff Dental School. He progressed to complete various DCT positions in OMFS, community and restorative dentistry before entering orthodontic specialty training at the Royal London Hospital (QMUL). He successfully passed the Membership of Orthodontics examination (MOrth) and is now in the process of completing his orthodontic consultancy training at Birmingham Dental Hospital.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an understanding of orthodontics for revision, taking into consideration:

  • Improving your confidence in managing orthodontic cases at undergraduate level
  • Simplifying a basic orthodontic exam and presentation
  • Radiographs: why we use them and what are we looking for?
  • Supernumeraries
  • Hypodontia
  • Canines: diagnosis and treatment

Student revision session 2. Oral surgery - A case-based discussion - Dr. Ryan Howells

Dr. Ryan Howells discusses all things oral surgery and includes exam questions, interactive discussion and a case study.

Dr. Howells has been involved with Tubules since his 4th year of university and has previously been a student ambassador, a study club director and is now chair of the student engagement committee. Ryan graduated from Barts and the London in 2017 with multiple undergraduate prizes, university colours and the John Abernethy scholarship. He subsequently took up a place on the Bristol foundation training scheme, completing a year of general practice before returning to London to take up a DCT1 post in OMFS, paediatrics and oral surgery at University College London, Great Ormond Street and Eastman Dental Hospitals. He then moved to Liverpool to begin a DCT2 post in OMFS and mixed dental specialities at Aintree, Alder Hey and Liverpool Dental Hospitals. Ryan has now embarked on a 3-year medical degree in the next step of his career in OMFS, whilst also working in private practice, with practice limited to oral surgery.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an understanding of oral surgery for revision, taking in to consideration:

  • Tactics to tackle common exam concepts
  • The mechanism of local anaesthetic action and some relative contraindications
  • The mechanism of action for common anticoagulants and associated guidance
  • Diagnosis and management of pericoronitis and alveolar osteitis
  • Recall and describe appropriate flap design for surgical exodontia
  • Understand the fascial planes into which odontogenic infections can spread, and their signs
  • Recall at least 3 methods for risk-assessing mandibular 3rd molars
  • Understand the definition of MRONJ and how patients are classified as low or high risk

Student revision session 3. Paediatric dentistry - Dr. Scott Wright

Dr. Scott Wright discusses all things paediatric dentistry to include key concepts, exam questions, tackling cases and a case discussion.

Scott obtained his BDS (Honours) from Glasgow Dental School in 2016, with undergraduate prizes. He has enjoyed working in a variety of dental settings such as community dental and hospital services, including rotations in paediatric dentistry, orthodontics, oral surgery and oral medicine. Subsequently, Scott started as a specialty registrar in paediatric dentistry in 2019 and currently works between Liverpool University Dental Hospital and Alder Hey Children’s Hospital. Scott has a particular interest in behaviour management techniques, paediatric oral medicine and child safeguarding.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an overview of paediatric dentistry for revision, taking into consideration:

  • Common issues and concepts within paediatric dentistry, applicable to general dental practice
  • Information that is relevant and pertinent to that of a safe and competent final year dental student, with respect to paediatric dentistry
  • Understand caries risk assessment, diagnosis and treatment options for paediatric dental patients
  • The importance of the evidence-based management of dental trauma in kids
  • The importance of both behaviour and safeguarding in the management of children
  • Understand the basic management of common dental anomalies within the paediatric dental population
  • The importance of medical history in the dental treatment of children

Student revision session 4. Endodontics - Dr. Ammar Al Hourani

Dr. Ammar Al Hourani discusses endodontics for revision.

Dr. Ammar Al Hourani qualified from Glasgow Dental School in 2009 and gained an interest in endodontics early on in his career. After several years as a senior house officer and general dental practitioner, his interest led him to embark on a 3-year, full time, postgraduate DDSc endodontic training programme at Liverpool Dental School in which he achieved his Membership in Endodontics specialism examination by the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh (MEndo RCS Edin) in May 2019 and his Doctorate in Endodontology (DDSc) in 2020. Ammar is an honorary clinical lecturer at Liverpool Dental School having gained a keen interest in postgraduate endodontic teaching, and currently teaches GDPs on several NHS and private courses around the UK, in doing so helping GDPs to overcome many of the day to day challenges in endodontics. He currently works in several endodontic referral practices across London, accepting endodontic referrals from fellow general dental practitioners.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an overview of endodontics for revision, taking into consideration:

  • Preparation to answer commonly asked undergraduate questions relating to endodontic diagnosis and special investigations
  • The common causes of pulp necrosis and indications for root canal therapy
  • Indications for endodontic treatment, retreatment and endodontic surgery
  • Stages in pre-endodontic assessment
  • A deeper understanding of endodontic diagnosis
  • The need for special investigations, to come up with a diagnosis

Student revision session 5. Prosthodontics - Dr. Zohaib Ali

Dr. Zohaib Ali discusses prosthodontic dentistry to include key concepts, exam questions, tackling cases and case discussion.

Dr. Zohaib Ali is a specialist prosthodontist, having completed his specialist training at the world renowned Guy’s Dental Institute. His role as a speciality registrar at the department of prosthodontics at King’s College London led to him being awarded a distinction in his master’s degree in fixed and removable prosthodontics, alongside the intense examination process to achieve specialist membership with the Royal College of Surgeons in England. Zohaib qualified in 2009 from Trinity College Dublin after being awarded prizes for his undergraduate dissertation. He also completed research, for which he won prizes nationally, and has presented his work internationally at the International Association of Dental Research General Session in Toronto. After honing his basic skills in general practice, Zohaib worked in the department of oral & maxillofacial surgery and facial plastics in central Manchester. It was here that he was able to gain and refine new skills in surgery and trauma, which are still invaluable today. Whilst there, he also completed a qualification in education to help mentor undergraduates who would shadow him in his current, and future roles. Zohaib subsequently progressed to a role in restorative dentistry in practice, during which time his patients began requesting more complex care. He was also completing his first master’s degree in dental public health, from the University of Manchester, at this time. Working in a practice setting, the new knowledge facilitated an appreciation of dental problems at community, and national level, and changed Zohaib’s outlook on dentistry. After completing his specialist training, Zohaib is working in private practice between London and Manchester treating patients with wide-ranging presentations, from full mouth rehabilitations to more simple aesthetic requirements. He mentors younger dentists in their own career development, and clinically, in areas relevant to prosthodontics.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an overview of prosthodontics for revision, taking into consideration:

  • When and which teeth to restore/replace
  • How different factors affect our prosthodontic design choices
  • The shortened dental arch concept
  • How to design RPDs
  • Osseointegration and implant considerations
  • The different types of all-ceramic and metal-ceramic crowns

Student revision session 6. Periodontics - Dr. Rupal Patel

Dr. Rupal Patel discusses periodontic dentistry to include key concepts, exam questions, tackling cases and case discussion.

Dr. Rupal Patel is a General Dental Council registered specialist in periodontics, she also works as a consultant in periodontology at Guys Hospital, London. Rupal qualified from Guy’s Hospital (University of London) in 2004 with honours. She subsequently worked in the fields of maxillofacial surgery and general dental practice. She then completed a 4-year specialist training programme in periodontology, including dental implants, at Kings College London. She achieved the MFDS diploma from the Royal College of Surgeons of England and a master’s in clinical dentistry (periodontology) from Guys Hospital, passing with a distinction. She also holds the Membership in Periodontics from the Royal College of Surgeons. Rupal is heavily involved in teaching; she delivers undergraduate and post-graduate teaching for Kings College London and was a foundation dentist trainer in general practice. She lectures nationally in periodontics and runs a number of study days for the London Deanery. She has published in scientific journals, including the highly respected Journal of Periodontology.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an overview of periodontology for revision, taking into consideration:

  • Revision of the new classification on periodontal disease
  • Discussion on periodontal treatment planning
  • Understanding local and systemic risk factors for periodontal disease

Student revision session 7. Oral medicine - Dr. Fraser Mitchell

Dr. Fraser Mitchell discusses oral medicine to include key concepts, exam questions, tackling cases and case discussion.

Dr. Fraser Mitchell graduated MChD BChD distinction and BSc from University of Leeds Dental School in 2018. Winner of undergraduate awards, including Charles Ripon Medal for most distinguished graduate and David Rockett prize in oral surgery. Fraser completed foundation training in NHS practice in Newcastle. Worked as DCT1 in OMFS at Leeds General Infirmary and Leeds Dental Hospital. Currently working as DCT2 in oral surgery and oral medicine at Birmingham Dental Hospital. Member of the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh with a key interest in managing anxious patients, working towards sedation qualification.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an overview of oral medicine for revision, taking into consideration:

  • Common conditions seen in oral medicine
  • Common investigations and management of conditions
  • Exam-style questions
  • Understanding the structure of an oral medicine history and examination
  • Discussion of commonly seen conditions in oral medicine TBC

Student revision session 8. Special care - Dr. Natalie Bradley

Dr. Bradley is completing her specialist training in Special Care Dentistry in London & Surrey. She is a dental blogger, regularly posting on her blog 'A Tooth Germ'. She is a personal coach for young dentists and NHS Clinical Entrepreneur working on solutions to help vulnerable people access dentistry. She has experience working in general practice, hospital and community dentistry and is a DentinalTubules Study Club Director.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an overview of special care dentistry, for revision, taking into consideration:

  • What is special care dentistry
  • Specific conditions to include:
  • Anxious patients
  • MRONJ
  • Medically complex patients
  • Diabetes
  • The Mental Capacity Act

Student revision session 9. Finale - Dr's. Roma McNeil and Ryan Howells

Dr's. Ryan Howells and Roma McNeil, chair and vice-chair for the DentinalTubules student and young dentist committee, present final cases which encompass all aspects of dentistry - a perfect way to end the series.

Aims and objectives:

Gain an overview of dentistry, for revision, taking into consideration:

  • Academic analysis of multi-disciplinary cases by drawing upon knowledge gained from the student series and undergraduate education
  • Case discussions:
  • Paediatric/orthodontic
  • Restorative/oral surgery 
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